Cover Letter vs. Resume: What’s the Difference? 2021 Guide

Are you wondering what the difference between a cover letter and resume is? Well, if yes, then this cover letter vs. resume guide is only for you. Read this article completely as I’ve also attached examples to differentiate these documents. I hope you will surely like this cover letter and resume difference explanation guide. Also, check how to write a bank statement request letter, which I shared earlier.

Cover Letter vs. Resume
Cover Letter vs. Resume

What is a Resume?


A resume is a precise overview of your work experience in a previous job field, valuable skills, educational qualification to approve you as a job candidate. There are many essential things that are necessarily present in a document of a resume. These are given below:

  1. Educational history – You need to have a High-secondary degree in that subject, undergraduate degree, and especially, having a major and also need to show post-graduate degrees like master’s degree and Post-Doctorate degree on specialization. You need to show the time period of the year when you began your study from Kindergarten to when you end up your education in Post-Doctorate.
  2. Applicable skills – This is the extra skill based on your performance in the field of extracurricular activities, which either can be related to your studies or to your strength build-up. For example, having a good skill in thinking, you can think of anything very creatively. That makes you have creative skills.
  3. Summary of qualifications – This portion should include any official merit-based certifications or workplace accomplishments. For example, you can give the experience certificate of your previous job as a history teacher, and you taught or guided students before they got good marks. Those who are managing the hire sections should be able to scan your abstract of qualification firstly.
  4. Professional memberships – You also need to mention any kind of organization that you are involved with potentially, for example, being a member of the hotel management of Taj in Delhi. This thing will have a chance to upgrade your resume for your high acceptance.

*Tip: You can make use of Grammarly free trial account to fix spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. Sign up for free today!

What is a Cover Letter?

cover letter

A brief knowledge or introduction to who you are, which designation you are holding, and why you want to apply for this job and why you are suitable for this job. You need to write three-four paragraphs in a subjective and neutral tone. The cover letter allows you to describe your personality instead of your ingrained qualifications. Cover letters are usually optional, so if you want to send your cover letter along with your resume, then you can have the opportunity to convey your willingness over the engagement in this job. There are many conditions that are needed to provide while writing your cover letter. These criteria are given below:

  1. Heading – Just like those professional letters, your cover letter must need to have your name, residential address, the date, and the recipient’s contact details.
  2. Greetings – You need to introduce your letter with a professional greeting. You need to give the title of recipients which used before calling the name, like Mr., Mrs., Ms. or Dr. If you are not aware of the specific gender details of the recipient, then you need to write Mr. or Ms. with the use of stroke or otherwise, if you do not know the name of the recipient then you can mention him/her through his/her designation with adding Dear in front like, Respected or Dear Manager of Hiring committee.
  3. How you get the job – If you let your employer know that where you searched the position, it will help them in further hiring efforts. For example, if the company uses a website for recruitment, mentioning the information in your cover letter will let them know, and they can find qualified candidates or recruits through that resource.
  4. How will you provide your commitment to the organization – Hearing your goals for the position displays to your potential employer that you are ready to do the expected works. You have to try to write objectives that go with the company’s mission statement to describe your position as valuable when you are part of this mission.
  5. Your goals to further contact – When you get to know that you have a call for an interview, then you must show your interest so that your employer can get to know how much you are concerned about this job.

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Cover Letter vs. Resume: Major Differences Between A Cover Letter And Resume

  • Format – Your cover letter should be in the form of a formal letter or application with having a great sense of professionalism in full paragraphs. While your resume should have different portions with short points that convey particular information like the date of the employment and job duties.
  • Content – A resume is a broad description of your educational and career experiential history. It can make a list or compile all of the relevant skills and professional experiences that can be applied to your recent job search. Meanwhile, a cover letter should emphasize particularly on the job you are applying to. While some information might be shown in both documents, a cover letter mainly focuses on current and future objectives, and a resume displays previous jobs and achievements.
  • Purpose – Your resume should provide a wide range of details in one or two pages. Employers observe resumes to evaluate your skills quickly and provide indicators of your qualifications for that job. Your cover letter permits you to make a comprehensive side of yourself as an individual and an applicant.

Resume Example:

Nelson Paul

University of Calcutta, West Bengal
Bachelor of Arts in History

Summary Qualifications

  • Copy editor certifications of you from Star publishers.
  • Adobe Certified Expert.

Professional Experience

  • Associate Professor of History, Jadavpur University, January 2018 – present.
    Work as Assistant Head of the Department for History course.

Professional Memberships

  • Member of Debate Society of Jadavpur University as a conveyor.
  • Member of Historia, Society of Historical facts of Jadavpur University as ahead.

Cover Letter Example:

Nelson Paul,
45/A Block C,
Salt Lake, Sector 5,

May 1, 2021

Humanities Department,
Presidency University,
86/1 College Street,
Kolkata 700073

Respected faculty members of the Humanities Department,

I recently went through the job requirement site of your website, where I noticed that there is a single vacancy for a history teacher as a permanent job. I would like to apply for this job. I have admired all core committees of Presidency University who are working their best to reach this institution at the top position. I have five years of teaching experience in the role of associate professor as well as assistant head of the department at Jadavpur University. I have extensive knowledge of teaching skills which properly applied during the time of lectures given to students. During my time as a professor, I have favored my students to develop or increase their passion for finding the origin of any place, find the history of anything, and I believe that nothing can begin without history.

I have done my post-doctorate degree in history and a master’s degree in education from the University of Calcutta. I can assure you that I make the students worthy of genius and let them grow interested not only in history but its contemporary subjects. I would like to have a consultation with you for further proceedings. You can knock me at 6679087342 or via I look forward to your reply.

Best Regards,
Nelson Paul, Ph.D

The Bottom Line

These two formats of job applications not only help you to improve your writing skills but also let you discover your valuable skills. If you want to stand on your feet, then get ready right now for applying for any kind of job through resume and cover letters. I hope now I’ve cleared all your doubts regarding the cover letter vs. resume. Please let me know if you still have any doubts in your mind related to the cover letter and resume. I or someone from my team will surely help you. Keep visiting

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